Jihad and Modern Islamic Activism

Dr. Fathi Osman Time: 1 hour 31 minutes 55 seconds

How has jihad become synonymous with violence? Dr. Osman explores the topic of jihad by examining the many conflicts that led to violence in the Middle East. Beginning in the early 20th century, Dr. Osman discusses how colonialism gave rise to nationalism (pan-Arabism) and the Islamic movements (Egypt, Afghanistan, and India). How did nationalism and religion collide and what were the consequences after independence? Also, the emergence of the United States and its unrelenting support for Israel and the rise of terrorism are examined.

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History of the Middle East

Dr. Fathi Osman Time: 29 minutes 29 seconds

Dr. Osman traces the political events of the Middle East beginning with the Ottoman Empire to the Iran/Iraq war. What events led to the partitioning of the Middle East after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire? What has been the effect of the emergence of the United States after WWII? The following topics are also examined:

  • Saudio Arabia and the discovery of oil.
  • The creation of Israel.
  • Despotic regimes and military dictatorships.

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